British rule in the Indian subcontinent ended in
1947 with creation of Pakistan and India.
Both India and Pakistan governments wanted
to own the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
China says Aksai Chin is a part of China which
is not to be recognized as part of Kashmir region.
There was a movement by the National Conference,
asking the Maharaja to handover the power.
The dispute between India and Pakistan commenced
after the partition of India in 1947.
Maharaja Hari Singh made an urgent and emotional
request to Delhi for military assistance.
The power conflict was ended with the UN-mediated
ceasefire along the Line of Control.
Indian government obliged Hari Singh to handover
Kashmir to Sheikh Abdullah in 1949.
The Indian constitution granted autonomous status
to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Simla Agreement established the Line of Control
between the two nations’ territories.
Line of Control separated Indian and Pakistani
Kashmir through different stretches of land.
Kashmiri Pundits were forced to run away from
Kashmir Valley by Islamic militancy.
Pakistan was raising anti-India sentiment among
the people of Kashmir against India.
International agencies and UN have reported
human rights on India administered Kashmir.
Pakistani soldiers from Pakistani Kashmir passed
to Jammu and Kashmir in middle of 1999.
Home Minister of India told Parliament an official
order to abolish Article 370 in 2019.
~ Bhupesh Chandra Karmakar
New Delhi, India